McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Formula One constructor and also has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis fitter, and has actually won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) cars racing champion. The team is the second earliest active, and 2nd most successful Formula One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Drivers' Championships and 8 Fitters' Champions. The group is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest initial success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren vehicles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the group to their very first Solution One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Task 4 Racing; Dennis took control of as group principal and shortly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the team. This began the team's most successful era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them seven Drivers' Championships and the team took six Builders' Championships. The combination of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most consistent challenge during this period, the two winning every builders' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually moved to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, more champions came in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time given that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until a minimum of 2024. After at first going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Solution One group Cooper with whom he had won three Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper demanded utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman rules, Bruce decided to set up his own group to run him and Article source his potential Solution One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper vehicles.